Food bill 2013 to provide food security in India: a new phrase







IndiaIndia being a country with second highest population and enumerable resource and technology making sate fall in the category of the developing nations, still has not able to provide the basic human facility to the people out. From the first five year plan onwards, one of the main agenda was eradicating poverty which is not yet attained even when we are celebrating the 64th year of independence. One of the fundamental issue faced by majority of individual in our country was lack of proper nutritious food due the poverty existing and hike in price for basic substances due to scarcity of resources, which was due to improper utilization resources. The food security bill is initiated with an entitlement program, right to food which can be interpreted as a part of right to equality and right to freedom of speech. This bill aims at not only to provide a satisfactory effect of hunger but also to address the issue of malnutrition in the country. Malnutrition is an issue that is considerably faced by our nation, if not properly dealt with, will make our leaders to bow with shame for not evolving apt solution.

This bill can be assistance to many problems faced by normal people of our state, if the act is properly implemented and benefited out of this. The food bill will provide cheap food grain to 67% of the country’s population, giving color to human life. This act will enable adequate quality of food at their affordable cost to people to live a life with dignity and for connected matters.

This act has obviously brought dreams to common man. Being one among them a question arises in my thought is this fake phrase taken to gain confidence of people by the government in last year ruling or will we be able to taste fruit of this act? This question will be answered when the letters of the act comes to life of the needy.

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Don’t Kill the debate urges Amartya Sen







The role of the Parliament is to protect the constitutional rights and to pass the necessary bills for the protection and well being of its people.

Amartya Sen urges to pass Food Security Bill

Food security bill

Over the years however this has not been the case. The latest reports suggest that the parliament has been quite ineffective lately as it had only worked for 73 days in a year in 2011 in comparison to the 127 days in the 1950s.

Even when the parliament is in session, the opposition parties seem to disrupt it by storming out, calling names and using foul language.

Amartya Sen has asked the Indian opposition parties, at a recent press conference organized by civil society groups, urging the urgent necessity of passing legislation such as National Food Security Bill, whistle blower legislation and Grievance Redressal Bill, to be responsible and discuss the issues instead of disrupting it.

He said that ‘Killing the debate’ raised a suspicions that the opposition parties were weak were ‘not interested’ in the meeting held.

The Nobel laureate expressed his anguish at the functioning of the Parliament and said that the people were losing faith in the biggest institution of democracy.

Amartya Sen has also stated that he was he was not happy with the Ordinance route for the  Food Security bill as being suggested in the UPA Government and said the best would have been its passage from an informed debate.

He also pointed out that the bills like the Food security bill was ‘stuck’ because of the disruptions. These bills are important as they could lead to the ‘substantial enhancement’ of the entitlements.

Later at the press conference development economist Jean Dreze, stated the importance of social legislation which were being held up by political paralysis for which some political parties bear some responsibility.

Nikhil Dey of National Campaign for People’s Right to Information further stressed the importance for a successful implementation of the Grievance Redressal Bill and urged the support from all the political parties was essential for it to happen. He further added that people “cannot wait” any longer for this bill, which is closely linked to their survival.

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Join Congress – leave jail says Union Minister to Jagan Mohan Reddy







Jagan Mohan Reddy bailThe Apex Court of India will decide today, whether the politician Jagan Mohan Reddy would be granted bail or not. He was charged with disproportionate assets case since May 2012.

Reddy had moved to the Supreme Court after the Hyderabad High Court refused to accept his bail plea for the sixth time in a row on this January. The Supreme Court has accordingly asked the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to file a response as to why Jagan Mohan should not be granted bail which had to be submitted by April 29th.

Earlier in October 2012 the CBI claimed that Jagan Mohan was involved in ‘very serious economic offenses which are unparalleled’. The CBI have also found his economic offenses to have spread around the globe including Mauritius and Luxembourg and assets worth Rs 365 crores.

CBI also states that while YSR was the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, he used to pressurize the companies to invest in his son’s vast business empire. In return they got the clearances and licenses necessary.

According to Reddy’s Lawyer, the Union minister had suggested that if Mr. Reddy consents to join the Congress, the party his father (YSR) belonged to, he maybe be able to leave jail.

Mr. Reddy has repeatedly claimed that the reason for the CBI investigation against him is a punishment for leaving congress and making his own party the YSR Congress- which the Supreme Court judges have asked the CBI to explain.

The YSR Congress chief is currently in custody of Chanchalguda Central Prison in Hyderabad.

Legal News report By

Intern at Biz and Legis

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Corruption- A Blood Disease







Stop corruptionIn the light of the indictment of former Bharatiya Janata Party councilor Narender Bindal for allegedly charging Rs. 1100 from the pensioners towards the subscription of a magazine called ‘Dharam Pravah’ in order to ensure the release their pension sum of Rs. 3000 to them, the Delhi Lokayukta Justice Manmohan Sarin has stated the need of simplifying the law in order to reduce the corruption in India.

Justice Manmohan Sarin also said that corruption today has become a blood disease and has affected the ‘blood stream’ of the public at a recent workshop on ‘Integrity in Procurement and Whistle blower Protection in India’ held in Delhi.

Earlier the Justice also pointed out the need of the doctrine of ‘name-and-shame’ to be used to bring the corrupt public functionaries into the public view. Even though this approach was not agreed to by the Lieutenant- Governor Tejnedra Khanna in the case of Mr. Bindal, despite being the competent authority dealing with the recommendations of the Lokayukta.  The Lieutenant later rejected this recommendation on October 10th 2011 stating that the name-and-shame approach is ‘not agreed to’.

Justice Sarin also pointed out how the corruption in the procurement and public sector units adversely affects the common man at the end of the day since they have to pay more.

Later at the Book release of the book titled ‘Citizens Against Corruption: Reports from the front lines’ he said that not only was the naming of the corrupt government official necessary but also the need of speedy justice system to deal with the problem of corruption.

The book deals with how the citizen volunteers  from countries like Uganda, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, the Philippines, India and Nepal have managed to fight against corrupt practices by government officials with the help of various NGOs funded by Partnership for Transparency Fund, (PTF) a non-profit organization funded by UNDP, ADB and World Bank.

Justice Sarin also stated that the evil of corruption can only be rooted out only through public awareness of their rights and their active participation.

Legal News article by Anisha Susan Baby
Legal Intern at Biz and Legis

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Young lawyers in India helps tribal branded Maoists







Pro bonoOn April 5th 2008, Jeetan  Marandi who was a cultural activist from Jharkhand was arrested. He was arrested for the murder of 20 villagers which included the former Jharkhand chief minister, Babulal Mirandis son Anup. The incident came to be known as Chilkhari massacre which occurred in Chilkari in 2007. The lower court had pronounced capital punishment. The high court of Jharkhand turned down the death sentence as there was no substantial evidence.  He was also acquitted from the charges. Presently his wife Aparna Marandi is in jail on allegations of being a Maoist. There has been no legal assistance provided to her till Ahmed Raja and Anup Aggarwal, the Johar lawyers decided to see to her case.

Another example was the Topchanchi massacre of 2001 where 13 people were tagged as Maoist and 13 police officers were killed. Even though they were acquitted by the Dhanbad district court, they had had to spend so many years in jail.

It was a blessing for the tribal in Ranchi as a group of lawyers decided to take up their cases. There are thousands of tribal in Ranchi who are stigmatized as Maoists and put in jails. A nine member committee was formed to take up their cases and called themselves as NARA (network of advocates for rights and actions). This was done under the protection of JOHAR (Jharkhand organization for human rights) which has also decided to take a survey to find out similar cases and offer them legal advice gratuitously. They also decided to call themselves “muft mein wakil” so that the people can understand that it is free of cost.

Even though there are other agencies offering free legal aid, people do not approach them as they are either scared due to the financial burden or are ignorant of the law. Human rights violation has turned to be a major problem in Jharkhand as many of the tribal are tagged as Maoists and put in jail. An exact number is still not known as to how many of such persons are there in jail.

Lawyers often find it difficult to take case of people who have been branded as Maoists. An example to this would be the case of Sanjay and Suresh Thakur who were charged with being a part of the 2008 Maoist attack. Illiteracy is also a major problem among the tribal.

,
Kerala Law Academy Law College,
Trivandrum

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Execution of Afzal Guru: A Flawed Ending







Afzal-Guru-executionAfzal guru was actually the facilitator in the crime and not a part of directly perpetrating the crime, the evidences against him was merely circumstantial and that the policies lied about the time and place of arrest, including the fabricated evidence against him was also circumstantial with the arrest memos and the extracted false confessions. Court even had noted that he wasn’t the member of any banned organization. Moreover the conviction under Section 3(2) of POTA is set aside because there is no evidence that he is a member of the terrorist organization. The Presidential rejection of his mercy petition recently is nothing but has again given rise to heavy causalities which might shake the entire nation and seems that the collective conscience of the society will only be satisfied if the capital punishment is awarded to the offender. So does it mean that the punishment is being given to satisfy the collective national conscience? Or one must add what is presented as this conscience is the consciousness of  the section of dominant middle classes.

The worst fallout of Afzal Guru being hung is that the real truth will always remain buried in the shoddy investigation and the real culprits may not be apprehended at all, who so ever they are. Mere being guided by the Islam phobia is no guarantee for the correctness of the story of the prosecution and the death penalty that he has been awarded.

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Time to pay heavy price: Karat on Anti-National Policy







Anti National PolicyLashing out on UPA, karat said that he was against the anti-national policy which was serving better interests of US rather than Indian. UPA, which had been formed in 2004, according to the CPM General Secretary Prakash Karat had been continuously trying to push through retail trade via PM’s. citing the policy as anti national and beyond human interests and selfish, karat strongly opposed it.

“First it (the pressure on India) was by President George W Bush. Now it is President Barack Obama. Every time Manmohan Singh assures them saying ‘Yes we will open up our retail trade for Walmart’,” he said. “Walmart is one of the biggest companies in the US and what is good for Walmart is good for the US. But unfortunately we have a Prime Minister, a government and a ruling party that thinks what is good for Walmart is good for India. We do not accept that,” he said. Parliament saw a popular divide of parties which voted against the multi brand retail policy. a ruckus was created. Out of the 18 parties which participated in debate in the Lok Sabha, 14 parties opposed the FDI policy.

On the government’s proposal to introduce food security cash transfer scheme so that every citizen of country has access to cheap food from January one, a mass signature campaign to demand a Food Security Law to be passed in Parliament was launched by karat.

“Fortunately, there is a lot of activity that we are seeing in India. Growth-wise, the next two years will be difficult for India only because there is a little bit of a momentum of slowdown and more importantly the European crisis is affecting the whole world,” Dr. Basu said here on Wednesday at the inauguration of the India Finance Conference 2012.

 

Time to pay heavy price : Prakash Karat

 

Shalini Singh,
Gujarat National Law University,
Gandhinagar, Gujarat

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Prevenient bail granted to Durai, Minister M K Alagiri’s son







Durai DayanidhiDMK’s chief’s grandson, Durai Dayanidhi was granted an anticipatory bail in an alleged illegal granite quarrying scam. A non bailable warrant was issued as Durai was in hiding after the court issued orders. Dayanidhi was directed to surrender his passport and also to appear daily before the Melur Police Station, where the case is registered against him, until further orders by Jusitce C T Selvam of the Madurai bench.

Under various sections of the Mines and Minerals Act and Tamil Nadu Public Property Damage Act among others, Dayanidhi and his partner Nagarajan of the Olympus Granites Private Ltd were charged of causing revenue loss of Rs.44 crore through illegal granite mining in Madurai’s Melur block, which became one of the biggest multi-million dollar mineral scam in history of India. In past also, many party leaders and their offspring’s have been involved in such high profile scam.

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Cloud Computing by Karnataka State Law University







cloud computingThe Karnataka State Law University is adopting a new method of sending examination question papers to the colleges in its affiliation. The new method, as reported would be uploading the question papers on Cloud computing to avoid physical means which has often lead to third-party interference and thus its leakage.

Question Paper leakage is often a major issue faced by various Universities in India. Universities usually frame the question papers and send them to third parties for printing and transportation which often makes way for its leakage. In many cases printing press staff or transport staff and even the college staff workers were found to be indulging in such acts. Leakage of question papers often leads to a bad impact of postponing examinations which always distracts students countrywide.

Thus, Karnataka State Law University has decided to upload question papers on cloud computing few minutes before the examination. Colleges can download the question papers and Xerox them for extra copies and distribute to the students. So, students need not worry about leakage of questions and postponement of examinations.

According to the officials, this method would be implemented from the next academic year and is hoping to be the best alternative to the existing means.

Cloud Computing method in Law Universities

Nissy Ann Mathews,
D.E.S LAW COLLEGE
PUNE
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Robert Vadra and the DLF Scam







Robert Vadra in DLF scamAn interesting investigation will be up for record with the activities involved in by Robert Vadra, Son-in-Law of the Congress Party President, Sonia Gandhi and DLF builders. History states that Mr. Vadra had bought 41- premium apartments from DLF builders and subsequently sold them at profit as and when the demand for these apartments went up. It was stated that these apartments were sold and acquired by the companies promoted by him, one among which was Sky Light Hospitality. It is to be noted that this activity of buying and re-selling between 2007 and 2011 were mainly confined only to the three districts in India, were the Congress Party had their rule i.e. namely Rajasthan, Haryana and New Delhi where the DLF Projects were under construction. However the question that arises over here is that, how did Mr. Vadra purchase 41 apartments from DLF at a price for 300 Crores when his capital was amounting to just Rs. 50 Lakhs. Further it was stated that DLF had advanced loans to Mr. Vadra without taking any collateral and were considered to be completely unsecured. When Mr. Arvind Kejriwal and Mr. Prashant Bhushan brought up this issue to lime light, huge hue and cry were present by Sonia Gandhi (President of the Congress Party), Salman Khurshid (Union Law Minister),  Ambika Soni (Minister of Information & Broadcasting), Rajeev Shukla and Manish Tiwari (Congress Spokesperson) alleging that all the charges brought up against Mr. Vadra are false. Further DLF also denied any wrongdoing and stated that all there dealing with Mr. Vadra was clean and no unsecured loan but a mere advance was what was given to Mr. Vadra from their behalf. However when Mr. Vadra was questioned with regards to this matter, he kept quiet. This silence of Mr. Vadra on his duty to speak however draws our attention that there is something more to be investigated with regards to this matter before a clear cut solution could be reached upon.

APARNA D. SHENOY
School of Law Christ University,
Bangalore

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