The term corruption is quite familiar to the people in the 21st century as it is a term we generally use in most of our discussions. What exactly the term corruption means? Corruption or being corrupt means misusing ones powers for personal benefits. These benefits can be monetary as well as non monetary benefit. The terms Bribary, extortion, influence peddling, nepotism, scams, fraud, ‘grease money’, and opportunism are generally used to indicate the act of corruption.
Black’s Law Dictionary, defines corruption as an act of an official or fiduciary person who unlawfully and wrongfully uses his station or character to procure some benefit for himself or for some another person contrary to duty and the rights of others.
The corruption is one of the most important problems faced by the countries across the globe, including India, blocking the way towards glory. The root cause for the corruption is the wide gap between rich and poor. In a country like India the gap between rich and poor is so wide that rich are becoming more and more rich and poor people are becoming more and more poor. Illiteracy among the people is one of the root causes for corruption.
In India some are enjoying their lives with all luxuries of life, while on the other hand others are working hard to earn at least 2 squares of a meal a day. Corruption is seen from pons to the higher officials and presently the condition is such that even for getting a postmortem report people are forced to bribe the officials, if you have money you can get your things done, otherwise you can spend the rest of your life wondering.
Impact of corruption
Every person in the world fall victim to corruption in one way or another. Corruption directly or indirectly has a negative effect in almost all fields.
Effects on Politics, Administration, and Institutions
Corruption will act negatively on the society and will block its way towards development. Corruption in elections, legislative bodies will violates the basic rights of the people and will make the people to lose the faith in the government and will adversely result in the development of a feeling in the minds of the people that there is no value for human rights and will in turn result in anarchy and totalitarian form of government. Further this corruption erodes the institutional capacity of the government.
Corruption will adversely affect the economy of a country. As one has to spend huge sum of money as bribe, it will increases the cost of production of goods and so the price of goods will increase and as a result of which goods will be beyond the reach of poor. It will in turn widen the gap between the rich and poor. Further investors and big multinational countries will hesitate to invest in countries where huge amounts needed to be spend on bureaucrats.
Environmental and Social Effects
Further Corrupt countries may have laws to protect the environment, but if people can easily bribe the officials then there will be no use of these environmental protection laws. Similarly it has social effects also.
To tackle with the problem of corruption, there exists a need for a proper reform of our political, legal, administrative and judicial systems. There exists a need for a National Judicial Commission so as to check the actions of higher judiciary. Similarly an Electoral reforms should be set up to oversee the use of money power in elections. Similarly a grievance redressal forum needs to be established. Proper steps need to be tax department, so as to prevent people from evading the tax.
So as to deal with the problem of corruption, firm steps needs to be taken so as to break the illegal connections between the politicians and businessmen. Only by employing a systematic analysis and effective step this problem of corruption can be tackled. To on this account only the institution of Ombudsman was passed by various countries across the globe, to tackle with the common problem i.e. corruption. In India t Institution of Ombudsman was suggested but it could not be passed in the parliament since the past four years, clearly points out the fact that the politicians do not have any interest to stop the corruption in India.
Institution of Ombudsman/ JanLokPal Bill
Jan Look Pal Bill or the Institution of Ombudsman, a bill passed on December 13 2011, is a step taken to tackle with the problem of corruption. According to this bill an independent body called Jan Lokpal will be appointed to deal with corruption related investigation and the body so appointed will be completely independent, just like the election commission. This has been considered as a landmark step to tackle with the problem of corruption.
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