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Legal Research

Legislative History Research

Legislative history research involves the background research and study of the circumstances surrounding the enactment of a statute, it includes the study of the bill hearings, committee reports and floor debates. A research is conducted as to which committees were involved, who were the committee members and how the legislative language was amended till its final passage. Understanding the evolution of a particular law helps in interpreting the law in a better manner.


The documents which are so reviewed for this research include bills, hearings, committee reports, conference reports and debates are the various legislative documents.


A bill is introduced after which number is assigned to it and then it is referred to a committee before it is passed. A statutory provision can be interpreted based on the inclusion, deletion or modification of language in the text of the bill.


It focus on the views of the various persons or organizations interested in the legislation testifying before Congress rather than on the outlook of the committee or Congress and hence less useful in interpreting the statute. However it helps in understanding the background.

Committee Report and Conference reports:

These are the most important source of legislative history. Reports from each of the House and Senate committees that considered the legislation describes its purposes, reasons behind committee's recommendations on the bill etc. A “section-by-section” analysis of the bill is provided. Conference reports are issued when a conference committee was appointed to draft a compromise bill acceptable to both the House and Senate.

Congressional debates:

These include discussions for or against proposed bills, amendments, and explanations of provisions that are vague. Congressional Record contains a transcript of these debates and legislative proceedings.

Presidential Statements:

The President signs a bill into law sometimes by explaining the reason for his approval. There is disagreement about their importance to legislative history.

Other Congressional Documents: Other documents include committee prints and House and Senate documents. Committee prints contain special reports or compilations of earlier legislative history research documents prepared for the use of the committee. House and Senate documents are usually of lesser importance and contain special material prepared for Congress.

Case Law Research

Case Law Research involves searching for cases related to specific issues at hand. The basic intention behind this is to collect as many..

Regulatory Research

The basic objective with which the regulatory research is done is to determine the applicable rules and regulations with regard to a particular issue at hand.

Legislative History Research

Legislative history research involves the background research and study of the circumstances surrounding the enactment of a statute,

Foreign Law Research

Foreign law is the law governing non-US States. It differs from international law as it deals with domestic laws of a non US nation,

Multi Jurisdictional Legal Research

Multijurisdictional surveys helps one in understanding statutes, rules, regulations and case laws related to particular legal topic..